How to Prepare Your Garden During the Winter Months
Winter is not typically an exciting time for gardeners. Sometimes it seems like snowy days and freezing temperatures will leave you with nothing to do for months. However, while you are bundled up inside, you can still work on preparing your garden for the upcoming growing seasons.
Thinking ahead with your landscaping
During the winter it could be a great time to consider your landscape and what you want to achieve with it over the coming year. Talking to a professional landscaping company local to you can go a long way in achieving this. You can draw up a garden design plan with them and they can offer you tips on how to manage your outdoor area leading up to the work being carried out. You will also give yourself plenty of time leading up to spring to gather information or materials needed for a landscaping project.
Clean Your Garden Bed
Save spring cleaning for inside the home and get in the habit of “winter cleaning” around your garden. Clean out roots, remains, and anything else left in your garden bed from the summer and autumn growing seasons. Apply a fresh layer compost to enrich the soil so your garden is all ready for next spring.
Create a Compost Bin
Winter is the perfect time to begin composting food scraps. Compost bins are easy to put together and can be placed inside or outside of the house. Compost typically takes an average of four months to break down and become usable for your garden; by the time the summer growing seasons begin, you will have a lot of handmade compost for your soil. Composting is a great way to turn rubbish into treasure. Most food waste and scraps are good to compost, but food is not the only thing you can throw in your bin. Toothpicks, paper napkins, and even wine corks can be thrown into your compost bin and contribute to next year’s garden.
Focus on Your Indoor Herb Garden
Spice up your warm winter soups with herbs from your own garden! Herbs, including basil, mint, parsley, and chives, are fairly easy to grow indoors. Herbs typically need an average of six hours of light a day, but keep in mind that the temperature next to windows and other outdoor lighting may be below the recommended temperature for growth (~18 degrees). Aerogardens and heating lamps are great ways to ensure herb growth.
Begin to Sow Seeds Indoors
Many seeds can be sown indoors or in your greenhouse during the winter months and will be ready for transplanting when the weather warms up.
Below are a few common vegetables that you can sow indoors during each of the winter months.
• January: Onion, Salad Greens, Spinach, Broccoli
• February: Lettuce, Salad Greens, Aubergine
• March: Chili Peppers, Sweet Peppers, Salad Greens, Celery
Below are a few common flowers that you can sow indoors during each of the winter months.
• January: Begonia, Geranium, Carnation, Pansies, Sweet Peas
• February: Chrysanthemum, Snapdragons, Lobelia,
• March: Ageratum, Tickseed, Aster, Salvia